Surah An-Nasr is the 110th Surah of the Holy Quran. The number of verses of the surah is 3. The Surah was revealed in Medina, so it belongs to the Madani Surah. Another name for the surah is “Tawhid” which means “Farewell”. In this Surah, there is an indication that the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is approaching, hence its name “Tawhid”. Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: “Surah An-Nasr is the last fully revealed Surah of the Holy Qur’an”, meaning that no other Surah has been revealed at once. Rather the verses of other Surahs were revealed.
There are different opinions about exactly when the Surah was revealed. However, Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: Surah An-Nasr has been revealed in the Farewell Hajj. Then the verse “Aliyaoma akamaltu lakum dinakum” was revealed. After that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was alive for only eighty days. Fifty days were left in the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) when the verses of Kamala were revealed.
Then the verse “Lakad ya-akum rasulum min anfushikum aziyun alaihi …” was revealed with thirty-five days left until his death and the verse “Ittaqbu Yaoman Turyauna Fihi …” was revealed with twenty-one days left. No complete surah has been revealed since then.
|Classification||Madanī المَدَني, / Medinan|
|The meaning of the name||Succour|
|Other names||Triumph, Divine Support, The Help|
|Revealed||Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him)|
|Number of Verses||3|
Surah Al-Kafirun English Translation, Transliteration:
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
1. إِذَا جَاء نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ
Iza za- Anasrullahi wal Fathu
When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest
2. وَرَأَيْتَ النَّاسَ يَدْخُلُونَ فِي دِينِ اللَّهِ أَفْوَاجًا
Wara Aitanna-sa yadkhulunal, fi deeniallahi afwaza
And you see the people entering into the religion of Allah in multitudes
3. فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوَّابًا
Fasabbih Bihamdi Rabbika Wastag Firah; Innahu ka-na tao-wa-ba
Then exalt [Him] with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance.
Read More Surah:
- Surah Nas English Translation, Hadith & Benefits
- Surah Kausar English Translation, Transliteration & Benefits
- Surah Kafirun English Translation, Easy to Reciting & Benefits
- Surah Ikhlas English Translation, Hadith, Benefits
- Surah Fil or (Al-Feel) English Translation, Transliteration, Historical Background
Surah Nasr Revealed Purpose:
Surah An-Nasr was revealed for the purpose of the Prophet (peace be upon him). The Surah was revealed in the wake of the conquest of Makkah and the fulfillment of the purpose of the arrival and stay of the Prophet (peace be upon him). The most important significance of this surah is that if death seems imminent, a Muslim should glorify and repent more and more.
It is narrated from Aisha (RA.) that since the revelation of Surah An-Nasr, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to recite the prayer ‘Subhanaka Rabbana Wa Behamdika Allahummag Firli’ after every prayer.
It is narrated from Umm Salma (RA.) that since the revelation of Surah An-Nasr, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite the supplication ‘Subhanallah wa Behamdihi Astagfirullaha Wa Aa Tubu Ilaihi’ at all times and, then, used to recite the Surah as a reason for reciting this supplication.
After the conquest of Mecca in 630 AD, tribal delegations from different parts of Arabia began to come to Medina and embraced Islam in groups. In this Surah, the emphasis is on the help of Allah for the conquest and success of Makkah.
Victory does not depend on human strength. The strong team is also defeated in the battle and on the other hand, the weak team can win with the help of Allah. The Battle of Badr is proof of that. This is stated in the first two verses. Then, as a token of gratitude for this grace, the Prophet (SWA) should praise and glorify Allaah and repent more and more, as stated in the third and last verse.
Important Note of this surah and Benefit:
1.The first verse of this surah speaks of God’s help and victory. The word may seem small at the moment, but it has a lot of meaning. Here, Allah’s help means Allah’s help in the wars against the disbelievers. Such as Badr, Ohod, Khandak, Khaibar etc. Later victory (Mecca) is mentioned. So, when we ask for help, we ask Allah. Because no matter how strong you are, you cannot win without God’s help.
2. The conquest of Mecca was very essential in Arabia at that time. The year following the conquest of Makkah, the 9th and 10th AH, has been marked in history as the year of the arrival of the delegations. The number of delegations is more than 60. At that time people from different parts of Arabia came to Medina in groups and accepted Islam. One of the reasons for accepting Islam in groups after the conquest of Mecca was faith. Because people then began to say that when Haram Sharif was protected by Allah from the attack of the elephants, the caretaker of that Haram when Muhammad won over his people, then he must be the true prophet.
3. The last verse of the surah is very important. In this verse, the description of holiness and praise has been combined. This is the first command of Allah. Then the second instruction is, apologize. Apologize means asking for forgiveness. In that verse, Allah has instructed the Prophet (peace be upon him) to purify and praise and to seek forgiveness. So we should remember Allah and ask for forgiveness more and more.
The Prophet (sm) said,
لَنْ يُنَجِّىَ أَحَدًا مِنْكُمْ عَمَلُهُ. قَالُوا وَلاَ أَنْتَ يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ؟ قَالَ وَلاَ أَنَا، إِلاَّ أَنْ يَتَغَمَّدَنِىَ اللهُ بِرَحْمَتِهِ
“None of you will enter Paradise because of his deeds. The companion said you are not the Messenger of God? He said no. Unless God covers me with His mercy”
From this hadith it is understood that it is not our deeds but the mercy of Allah that will take us to Paradise. And in order to get Allah’s mercy, we have to remember Allah more – praise and ask forgiveness. Because in that verse Allah says He is the Acceptor of Repentance and the Forgiver.
4. The question is, why did Allah (swt) order the innocent (Rasulullah (saw)) to apologize? Once when Ayesha (R) asked such a question, the Prophet (SAW) replied, “Shall I not be a grateful servant?”
Imam Qurtubi said that asking for forgiveness is to express slavery, which is obligatory to submit to Allah. Not for forgiveness but for the expression of slavery ‘(Qurtubi). That is, the apology of the Prophet (peace be upon him) means to offer more humility and servitude to Allah.
He said that this included instructive things for his ummah so that they would not be in doubt and would not stop praying for forgiveness. He said that despite being innocent when God has instructed him to ask forgiveness, what should others do? (Qurtubi).
According to another hadith, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to repent and seek forgiveness a hundred times a day and recite the following Doa:
أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ الَّذِيْ لآ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّوْمُ وَأَتُوْبُ إِلَيْهِ
‘Astagfirulla-hallazi la ila-ha illa huwal haiyul qayyumu wa atubu ilaihe’
“I seek forgiveness from Allah. There is no god but He. He is the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of the universe, and to Him, I return to Him. (or repent)”
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