On the occasion of fasting, Allah said, O believers! Ramadan fasting is obligatory upon you, as it was obligatory upon those before you. So that you may attain piety. (Surat al-Baqara, 183)
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever fasts Ramadaan with faith in the hope of reward, (in another narration) prays Taraaweeh in the hope of reward with faith, all his past sins are forgiven. (Bukhari Sharif: Hadith No. 1901)
Dua for Beginning Fast: (Sehri Dua)
وَبِصَوْمِ غَدٍ نَّوَيْتُ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ
Transliteration: ‘Wa bisawmi ghadinn nawaiytu min shahri Ramadan’
TranslationI: Intend to keep the fast for tomorrow in the holy month of Ramadan.
Another Dua you can Recite:
Transliteration: Nawaitu An Asumma Gadam Min Shahri Ramzanal Mubaraki Fardallaka, Ya Allahu Fataqabbal Minni Innika Antas Samiul Alim.
Translation: O Allah! Tomorrow, in the holy month of Ramadan, I have (intentionally) wished to observe the obligatory fast on your behalf, so accept it on my behalf (abstaining from my fasting and eating and drinking), surely You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.
Dua for opening Fast: When it is time for Iftar, we will recite Isteghfar.
Pronunciation: Astagfirullah Rabbi Min Quli Zambiu wa Atubu ilaihi, la hawla wa la quwaata illa billahil aliyil azim.
Meaning: I ask forgiveness from Allah, there is no god but He, He is the Ever-Living, the Eternal; And I came back to him. (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood)
Read this istagfar more and more and when the time is near (Iftar), do some short prayer and ask Allah for mercy. We will ask forgiveness for our sins and we will break our fast with the call to prayer (Azan).
Read more Dua:
- Dua for Forgiveness – Istighfar Dua
- Special Dua (prayer) in Ramadan: Istegfar & Blessings
- Dua Before & After Eating Best Dua Before & After Eating
- Best Duas for Parents Blessings, Forgiveness in English
- Powerful dua for increasing Rizq
Dua for Breaking Fast: (Iftar Dua)
اَللَّهُمَّ لَكَ صُمْتُ وَ عَلَى رِزْقِكَ وَ اَفْطَرْتُ
Pronunciation: Allahumma laka chhumtu wa ala rizbika wa aftartu birahmatika ya arhamar rahimin.
Meaning: O Allah! I am fasting for your satisfaction and I am breaking my fast with your sustenance.(Abu Dawood, Mishkat).
ذَهَبَ الظَّمَاءُ وَابْتَلَتِ الْعُرُوْقُ وَ ثَبَتَ الْأَجْرُ اِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ
Pronunciation: ‘Jahabaj Jamau; Wabtalatil Uruku; Wa chabatal ajru inshaAllah.’
Meaning: ‘(Through Iftar) the thirst is quenched, the veins are soaked and the reward is fixed if Allah wills’ (Abu Dawood, Mishkat)
When breaking the fast, I will break my fast and the greatness of Allah, the important remembrances, Allah Kareem, Allahumma Aizil Islam wal Muslimin. Ya Allahu, Ya Razayaku, Ya Ghaffaru, Ya Haiyu, Ya Qayyumu etc. I will give thanks to Allah.
Hadith of Intention: Fasting
Umar Ibn Al-Khattab relates that he heard the Messenger of God (SWA) say : “Things are done by purpose and everyone’s will is according to his will. So whoever migrated for the sake of Allah and His Messenger, his migration was for the sake of Allah and His Messenger, and whoever migrated for the sake of worldly welfare or to marry a woman, he migrated for the sake of his migration.” (Related by Bukhari and Muslim.)
This is an extremely comprehensive and rich Hadith of the Prophet (SWA) that reflects the core of the Islamic Faith.
Imam Bukhari has selected the first Sahih Bukhari’s ‘Inamal A’malu Bin-niyat’ as an introduction to the whole collection to show sincerity about the author’s motives. It reminds the reader that the good and noble deeds associated with the hadith narrated in it will be fruitful only if sincerity is attached to their motives and if the motives are not perfect, then it will be meaningless.