Surah Ad-Duha, Surah 93 of the Holy Qur’an. The number of verses in this surah is 11 and the number of ruku ‘is one. Surah Ad-Duha was revealed in Makkah.
The name of this surah means bright morning or bright day. Which has been used to deal with the night. Al-ḍuḥa is the first word of the sura and can be understood as symbolizing Muhammad’s “new day” as the Messenger of God, as well as the “dawn” of the new way of life that would become Islam
When the revelation to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was stopped for a while, the opponents thought and preached that The revelation from the source from which the revelation was sent to the Prophet had stopped. In this context, Surah Ad-Duha was revealed by Allah Ta’ala to comfort and comfort the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Allah the Almighty says in the Holy Qur’an, “Your Lord has not forsaken you nor is He displeased with you.”
Jandub ibn Abdullah al-Bajali (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that when the procession of Gabriel (peace be upon him) stopped, the polytheists began to say: Muhammad (peace be upon him) has been abandoned by his Lord. (Ibn Jarir, Tabarani, Abd Ibn Humaid, Saeed Ibn Mansur and Ibn Marduyah)
The polytheists started spreading propaganda, saying that his Lord was displeased with him and that He had abandoned him.
According to Jundub: Once the Prophet (ﷺ) fell ill and did not offer the night prayer (Tahajjud prayer) for a night or two. A woman ( Umm Jameel, the aunt of the Prophet the wife of Abu Lahab) was next to his house came to him and said, “O Muhammad! I do not see but that your Satan (devil) has abandoned you.” Then Allah revealed (Surah-Ad-Duha): ‘By the forenoon, and by the night when it darkens (or is still); Your Lord has not forsaken you, nor hated you.’ (93). (Bukhari)
Through this surah, Allah Ta’ala gives good news to the Prophet and gives good news for the future of the Prophet, and speaks of the dignity and reward of the hereafter. The Almighty Allah said to the messenger of Allah, “The status you will attain in the hereafter will be many times more than the status you have attained in this world.”
Almighty Allah has also given us some lessons through this surah. This surah says not to cheat the orphan and not to rebuke the candidate.
The Morning Hours
|The meaning of the name||The Morning Hours|
|The other name||Morning Bright, The Early Hours, The Forenoon, The Bright Morning Hours, Daylight|
|Revealed||Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him)|
|Number of Verses||11|
Surah Ad Duha Arabic to English Translation, Transliteration:
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
By the morning brightness
2. وَٱلَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَىٰ
Waal layili iza sajaa
And [by] the night when it covers with darkness,
3. مَا وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَمَا قَلَىٰ
Ma wad da’aka rabbuka wama-qalaa
Your Lord has not taken leave of you, [O Muhammad], nor has He detested [you].
4. وَلَلْـَٔاخِرَةُ خَيْرٌۭ لَّكَ مِنَ ٱلْأُولَىٰ
Walal-aakhiratu khairul laka minal-oola
And the Hereafter is better for you than the first [life].
5. وَلَسَوْفَ يُعْطِيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرْضَىٰٓ
Wa la sawfa y’uteeka rabbuka fatarda
And your Lord is going to give you, and you will be satisfied.
6. أَلَمْ يَجِدْكَ يَتِيمًۭا فَـَٔاوَىٰ
Alam ya jidka yateeman fa aawaa
Did He not find you an orphan and give [you] refuge?
7. وَوَجَدَكَ ضَالًّا فَهَدَىٰ
Wawa zadaka daal llan fahada
And He found you lost and guided [you],
8. وَوَجَدَكَ عَائِلًا فَأَغْنَىٰ
Wa wa jadaka ‘aa-ilan fa aghnaa
And He found you poor and made [you] self-sufficient.
9. فَأَمَّا ٱلْيَتِيمَ فَلَا تَقْهَرْ
Faam mal yatima fala-taqhar
So as for the orphan, do not oppress [him].
10. وَأَمَّا ٱلسَّآئِلَ فَلَا تَنْهَرْ
Waam mas saa-ila fala-tanhar
And as for the petitioner, do not repel [him].
11. وَأَمَّا بِنِعْمَةِ رَبِّكَ فَحَدِّثْ
Wa amma bi ni’mati rabbika fahaddith
But as for the favor of your Lord, report [it].
Surah Ad Duha Audio:
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Surah Ad Duha Theme and subject :
This surah’s main theme was to comfort the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the purpose of this consolation was to remove the anxiety and distress in him due to the cessation of revelation.
First of all, swearing an oath by the bright morning and the stillness of the night, he has been reassured, so as to say: “Your Lord has not at all forsaken you, nor is he displeased with you.” Then, he has been given the good news that the hardships that he was experiencing in the initial stage of his mission, would not last long, for every later period of life for him would be better than the former period, and before long God would bless him so abundantly that he would be well pleased. This is one of the express prophecies of the Qur’an, which proved literally true, afterward, whereas when this prophecy was made there seemed not to be the remotest chance that the helpless and powerless man who had come out to wage a war against the ignorance and paganism of the entire nation, would ever achieve such wonderful success.
Then, addressing Muhammad, God says: “O My dear Prophet, what has caused you the anxiety and distress that your Lord has forsaken you, and that We are displeased with you? I have been gracious to you since the day you were born. You were born an orphan I have arranged your upbringing and maintenance to the best of my ability. You were unaware, I gave you the way. You were indigent, I made you rich. All this shows it clear that you have been my beloved from the beginning, and that my grace, my bounty, has been with you forever.
” Here, one should also keep in view verses 38 to 42 of Surah Ta-Ha, where God, while sending the Prophet Moses to confront a tyrant like Pharaoh, encouraged and consoled him, saying: “We have been looking after you with kindness ever since your birth; therefore, you should be satisfied that you will not be left alone in this terrible campaign. Our grace will constantly be with you.”